What is silk in a fabric?

What is silk in a fabric?

Silk, a type of animal fiber, The origin of Silk dates back to Indus Valley Civilization between 2450 BC and 2000 BC. However, the origins are still also seen in 2500 BC in China. Majorly, 97% of the raw silk comes from five Indian states – Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Jammu and Kashmir, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal at the same time also gave rise to silk trade. Silk or mulberry silk is produced from silkworms that are fed on Mulberry leaves and when they mature, they will spin their cocoon.

Now, cocoons are the silky protective case spun by the larvae of some insects and moths in which they metamorphose, the pupa. The silkworm first starts to spin a hammock of silk to support the cocoon. Once the hammock is complete, the larva settles to produce an even, regular, and closely-knit cocoon of silk. The cocoon is much denser than the hammock and is formed from a single length of fine, strong, lustrous silk thread. This silk is used commercially in fabrics.

Silk which is lustrous & lightweight is the strongest natural fiber available due to its continuous yarns. It’s breathable and has excellent absorbency and drapability. It is also very hypoallergenic being naturally resistant to dust mites, hence it is the ideal fabric for those who suffer from allergies.

Silk was a significant item in China for many years. In fact, under numerous Chinese dynasties, it was prohibited to reveal the secrets of silk. Later in 200 BC, some Chinese immigrants traveled to Korea which led to the rise of silk production there and by AD 14 it arrived in India. Several varieties of silk were produced later in European countries and Italy. Today silk-producing countries are Brazil, Japan, India, Uzbekistan but China still exports 90% of the raw silk which is in demand globally.

I believe the above blog assisted you to know more about silk and its properties. Let me know in the comment section if you get to know some astonishing features of silk.